On 3 July 1883, Franz Kafka was born into a middle-class, German-speaking Jewish family in Prague, the capital of Bohemia, a kingdom that was then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and today is part of the Czech Republic.
After studying law at the University of Prague, he was employed with an insurance company, and had time to write only in the evenings. In 1923, he moved to Berlin to focus on writing, but died of tuberculosis in 1924, at the age of 40
His novels and short stories fuse elements of realism and fantastic, and his characters are usually faced by bizarre or surrealistic difficulties and incomprehensible social-bureaucratic powers.
His work (such as “The Metamorphosis”, “The Trial” and “The Castle”), which explores the themes of alienation, existential anxiety, guilt, and absurdity, influenced a vast range of writers, critics, artists, and philosophers during the 20th century.
The terms Kafkian or Kafkaesque have entered the English language and refer to the style and themes of his books (which in his dying wish requested to be burned). They describe a nightmarish, menacing condition with an evil, omnipotent power floating beyond the senses, or a situation that is horribly complicated for no reason, usually in reference to bureaucracy.