The Storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France, on the afternoon of 14 July 1789. Parisian revolutionaries attacked this royal fortress, armoury, and political prison in Paris since it was regarded as a symbol of the tyranny of the Bourbon monarchs.
The prison was almost empty: it housed only seven prisoners, and its regular garrison consisted above all of invalides (veteran soldiers no longer suitable for service in the field).
However, this dramatic action signalled the end of the ancien regime and the beginning of the French Revolution, a period of political turmoil and terror in which King Louis XVI was overthrown and a lot of people, including the king and his wife Marie-Antoinette, were sent to guillotine.
In France, “Le quatorze juillet” (14 July) is a public holiday, and it is called Bastille Day in English.