Julius Caesar was born on 13 July 100 BC and died on the Ides of March (15 March) of 44 BC.
He was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the end of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
He was born into a patrician family, the gens Julia, descending from Iulus, son of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneas. As regards his cognomen “Caesar”, Pliny the Elder explains it comes from an ancestor who was born by Caesarean section. In ancient Rome, C-section or Caesarean delivery was performed to remove a baby from the womb of a mother who died during childbirth, so that mother and baby could be buried separately
Therefore this procedure does not derive its name from Julius Caesar himself, as it is false that he was the first baby born via Caesarean. He was not removed by an incision in his dead mother’s womb because his mother Aurelia did not die in childbirth, but survived to see her son to adulthood and acted as one of his political advisers. Some historians even believe that she survived him.
The word Caesarean derives from the Latin verb caedere, meaning to cut, and caesus, its part participle.
- It is said that the first known woman to survive a C-section was the wife of a Swiss pig castrator in the late 16th century. When he noticed that his wife had been labouring unsuccessfully for several days, he made a cut in her stomach, took the baby out, and then sewed her up