In his most famous work, “The World as Will and Idea”, Arthur Schopenhauer expresses the idea that the will is a universal and omnipresent force, more important than the rational mind, though it is also the root of all suffering.
Guido thinks that willpower is sufficient to create actions and manipulate his surroundings, and uses this method to make Dora look at him during the scene at the Opera, when he is wooing her, or to save his son from the harsh truths of the concentration camp
The true power of love is explored in this masterpiece: Guido’s love, which keeps his son alive in the concentration camp and Dora’s love, which brings her to the concentration camp to stay near her family.
Guido creates fictitious worlds for those around him. He calls Dora “princess” and claims to be a prince himself, trying to cope with reality and permeate it with beauty.
For instance, when he rides up on a horse to rescue Dora, he is a knight rescuing the damsel in distress, and when he tells Giosuè that everything in the concentration camp is a game, he is trying to keep his spirits up.
Dora is a model of bravery, Despite being trapped in a cold relationship and in rigid social conventions, she is able to follow her heart. When Guido arrives on a horse and rescues her, he shows bravery through an act representing his opposition, also to society and the government. During the Holocaust she courageously takes the dramatic decision to follow her family to the Nazi camp.
Guido is a naïve person, he possesses a sort of innocence that often makes him incapable of understanding the cruelty or evil of humanity. He has the innocence of a child, and fights to preserve it, trying to hide the ugly parts of human nature.
CONTROL ON LIFE
Life cannot be controlled, nothing can be done to contrast the transition from a fulfilling life to one of despair and horror. Anyway, at the concentration camp, while turning life into a “game” for the sake of his son, Guido strives to gain the control of the situation for his family and his son’s innocence.