(Alexas_Fotos – pixabay)

On 20 August 1858 Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace published “On the tendency of species to form varieties; and on the perpetuation of varieties and species by natural selection” in the Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society, the most important society for the study and diffusion of information about natural history, evolution, and taxonomy.
That was the first printed formal exposition of the “Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection”, the greatest single leap of progress made in biology,

On 24 November 1859 Darwin published “The origin of the Species”, the book that handed him over to history. It introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection.

He had been working on that theory over a period of nearly two decades, revealing to a few other natural scientists his godless supposition. He had confessed to a close friend, botanist Joseph Dalton Hooker: “It is as if one were confessing to a murder”.

The book was written for non-specialist readers, consequently it was easily accessible to all and succeeded in involving an enormous share of the public.
Darwin ended with a passage that became well known and much quoted:

“There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.”

It opposed creationism, that’s why some scientists of the day argued over it violently, but the huge evidence from palaeontology, genetics, zoology, molecular biology and other fields gradually established evolution’s truth beyond reasonable doubt.

However, 160 years after the publication of Darwin’s studies, his theory of evolution still clashes with the creationist beliefs of some organized religions.

17 thoughts on “Darwin

  1. Great post😃and very thought provoking. I find Darwin’s theory interesting, where are the subtle evolutions of animals today? I mean there are different types of laptops and cars… someone design those. We don’t look at different types of technology and say they evolved. We note they were made for different purposes. Monkeys, whales, and dogs appear to be mind for different purposes. I find it hard to agree with Darwin that we evolved from monkeys.😂😂😂

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Imho, the creationists’ objection is particularly shallow, and betrays a demeaning view of their own deity, as Darwin himself explained in the book: “I see no good reason why the views given in this volume should shock the religious feelings of anyone. . . . It is just as noble a conception of the Deity to believe that he created a few original forms capable of self-development into other and needful forms, as to believe that He required a fresh act of creation to supply the voids caused by the action of His laws.”

    Liked by 2 people

  3. Ironically, Darwin’s father wanted his son to be a priest. Had he not embarked on HMS Beagle, he might have ended up as an unknown churchman instead of a world famous naturalist. Quoting from his autobiography:
    “Considering how fiercely I have been attacked by the orthodox, it seems ludicrous that I once intended to be a clergyman. Nor was this intention and my father’s wish ever formerly given up but died a natural death”

    Liked by 2 people

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