The term “resilience” means “act of rebounding,” and comes from Latin resiliens, present participle of resilire “to rebound, recoil,” from re- “back”+ salire “to jump, leap”.
It has its origin in science and technology, meaning the capacity of a material to resist deformation from external forces, its ability to absorb energy when deformed, and release that energy upon unloading, returning to its usual shape after being bent, stretched, or pressed. For a substance, resilience represents the opposite of fragility.
This is valid also in the psychological field: a resilient person is the opposite of one easily vulnerable and is able to be happy and successful again after something difficult or bad has happened.
Resilience exists in people who develop psychological and behavioural capabilities that allow them to remain calm during crises or chaos and to return to pre-crisis status quickly and without long-term negative consequence
Resilient people present a series of psychological characteristics, for instance, they possess insight, the ability to ask themselves tough questions and answer honestly; they are independent, even though they are tied to others. They can maintain control of a situation and think of new ways to tackle problems. They also have a strong sense of morality, as well as a sense of humour.
They understand that life is full of challenges that cannot be avoided, and are able to remain open, flexible, and willing to adapt to change, which is seen as an opportunity instead as a threat
They are strongly motivated to achieve pre-established goals. They are optimistic and tend to read negative events as temporary and limited; when faced with defeat and frustrations they are capable of maintaining hope and of identifying themselves as survivors, not victims.