Field of Cloth of Gold: 4. Results

Here you can read the first, the second and the third parts

On the penultimate day of the summit, Cardinal Wolsey held mass in the temporary chapel entirely covered with gold and green cloth velvet. On the altar there was a giant jewelled crucifix along with gilded statues representing the apostles and other saints, all filled with precious stones,
Both courts convened there and the songs were performed in turn by the English and French choirs.

At some point during the celebration, a splendid fire-breathing monster stretched out in the sky. (It appears in the top left of the painting below). It was a huge kite meant to symbolise the friendship between Francis and Henry, by combining the French king’s salamander with the Tudor dragon. Drawn on a cable by a wagon, marvellous fireworks came out of its jaws, making it appear to be spitting flames.

Wolsey eventually granted a plenary indulgence for all present and bestowed the pope’s blessing on the two kings

The following day, Sunday 24 June, the feast-day of St John the Baptist, the summit drew to a close with the exchange of gifts. The kings promised to build a palace in the Val Doré for future meetings at joint expense, as well as a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Friendship and parted as friends, seemingly setting the stage for lasting peace.

This meeting made a great impression on contemporaries, but its political impact was very little.
The result of that incredible display of luxury and wealth, which nearly bankrupted the two countries, was a vague marriage promise signed between the Dauphin of France who at the time was three years old, and Maria Tudor who was one year older. It was never kept.

Despite the apparent friendship displayed by the two monarchs, the tensions between the British and the French were never far from the surface at the Field of Cloth of Gold. The Venetian ambassador observed at the time: ‘These sovereigns are not at peace … they hate each other cordially.’
It was later clear that the two rulers were talking about peace while preparing for fight

Less than a month later, Henry met with Francis’s enemy, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V who was Catherine of Aragon’s nephew, to forge a separate alliance.

The new and weak good relationship between England and France worsened when war broke out between the Emperor and France the following year, and in 1522, just 23 months after the summit, Henry VIII declared war on France, joining sides with Charles V. England and France found themselves on opposite sides of the battlefields. Ironically, the first town that England captured in that war was Ardres, the site of the Field of the Cloth of Gold

Historian Garrett Mattingly observed that ‘ambitious efforts to organise peace usually precede serious general wars.’

‘Il Campo del Drappo d’Oro” : 4 risultati

Qui si trovano la prima, la seconda e la terza parte.

Il penultimo giorno del summit, il cardinale Wolsey celebrò la messa nella cappella temporanea, interamente ricoperta con drappi d’oro e di velluto verde. Sull’altare c’era un gigantesco crocifisso pieno di pietre preziose, insieme a statue dorate che rappresentavano gli apostoli e altri santi, ricoperte di vari gioielli
Entrambe le corti erano lì riunite lì e i canti furono eseguiti a turno dal coro inglese e da quello francese.

Ad un certo punto durante la celebrazione , uno splendido mostro che sputava fuoco apparve nel cielo. (Si vede in alto a sinistra nel dipinto qui sopra ). Si trattava di un enorme aquilone che, combinando la salamandra del re francese con il drago Tudor, era destinato a simboleggiare l’amicizia tra Francesco ed Enrico. Trainato da un carro mediante un cavo, dalle sue fauci uscivano meravigliosi fuochi d’artificio, che lo facevano sembrare sputare fiamme.

Wolsey alla fine concesse un‘indulgenza plenaria per tutti i presenti e la benedizione del papale ai due re.

L’indomani, domenica 24 giugno, festa di san Giovanni Battista, il vertice si concluse con lo scambio dei doni. I re promisero di costruire insieme un palazzo in Val Doré per i loro futuri incontri, nonché una cappella dedicata a Nostra Signora dell’Amicizia e si separarono da amici, apparentemente ponendo le basi per una pace duratura.

Questo summit impressionò notevolmente i contemporanei, ma il suo impatto politico fu molto scarso.
Il risultato di quell’incredibile ostentazione del lusso e ricchezza, che quasi mandò in bancarotta i due paesi, fu una vaga promessa di matrimonio tra il Delfino di Francia che all’epoca aveva tre anni e Maria Tudor maggiore di un anno, che però non fu mai mantenuta.

Nonostante l’apparente amicizia mostrata dai due monarchi, le tensioni tra inglesi e francesi non sempre furono tenute lontane dalla superficie al Campo del Drappo d’Oro. Al tempo, l’ambasciatore veneziano infatti osservò: “Questi sovrani non sono in pace… si odiano cordialmente”. Si capì più tardi che i due sovrani parlavano di pace mentre si preparavano alla lotta.

Meno di un mese dopo, Enrico si incontrò con il grande nemico di Francesco l’imperatore del Sacro Romano Impero Carlo V, nipote di Caterina d’Aragona, per stringere un’alleanza separata con lui.

I nuovi e deboli buoni rapporti tra Inghilterra e Francia peggiorarono quando scoppiò la guerra tra l’Imperatore e la Francia l’anno successivo e nel 1522, appena 23 mesi dopo il vertice, Enrico VIII dichiarò guerra alla Francia, unendosi a Carlo V. Inghilterra e Francia si trovarono ancora in due campi di battaglia opposti e, ironia della sorte, la prima città che l’Inghilterra conquistò in quella guerra fu Ardres, il luogo del Campo del Drappo d’Oro.

Lo storico Garrett Mattingly osservò che “gli sforzi ambiziosi per organizzare la pace di solito precedono gravi guerre generali”.

60 thoughts on “Field of Cloth of Gold: 4. Results

  1. Loved it thanks again Luisa not much can take me away from my homeless animals in the morning outside the feeding and such and the birds the different array of birds that come and eat bananas and peanut butter sandwiches out of my hands but you always can no human can anymore but you always can this was so interesting and as a kid in school I really didn’t enjoy history I found the teachers very boring they just seem like they were there only to get paid they didn’t make anything come alive for me God if you were my teacher thank you again and happy Friday sending you love stay warm only a few more months of this cold weather😇💝💓💖

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      1. Dearest Shehanne, thank you for your kind appreciation.
        Since English is not my mother tongue and I live in an environment where it is not naturally spoken, I always have many doubts about the correctness of what I write. In this regard, I ask you, if you notice any errors, to point them out so that I can correct them 🙏🌺🙏

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  2. Ciao cara anch’io sono convinta delle parole dello storico Garrett Mattingly, è sempre stato così e sarà sempre così e concordo appieno il commento di Kikkakonekka!!! Grazie sempre dei tuoi esaustivi articoli e buona serata 🥰

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  3. So nicely written historical stories, inspiring and now from reading time only
    What all the sad and glad , once upon the old time our world happened 🌷🙏👍🏻🌷
    Thank you so much dear for sharing 👏🌷 Grace Blessings to you ♥️🌷

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  4. Would be a bitter friendship between Henry Vlll & Francis l remind we all that too much expenditures only to boost friendship is too bad . Especially in the context of International Relations . Diplomacy warrants to be too tactful in view of national interests . Any relationship between two countries is decided on the basis of national interests of each country . If we change the rules , result would be the battle of the field of the cloth of gold . And Ardres would be captured . Now Ardres has become a symbol of friendship and war . History teaches many things . But to the learners. No to those who live on the Moon singing and dancing . Thanks !

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