25 January 1533 ๐Ÿ’’

On 25 January 1533, Henry VIII of England secretly married Anne Boleyn.
This was probably their second secret wedding, around the time Anne was beginning to suspect she was pregnant. The previous had probably taken place a little earlier, after their return from Calais where they had gone to solicit the support of the French king Francis I for their union.

Their marriage was made public some time later, at Easter, an Anne was consequently crowned queen consort on 1 June 1533 in a magnificent ceremony at Westminster Abbey .

They had met during the carnival celebrations of 1526 and the king had fallen in love with her and had started courting her.
But the woman had tactically resisted his attempts to seduce her, refusing to become his mistress.
Henry’s love letters to Anne even suggest that their romance was not consummated for much of the seven years of courtship.
In the meantime, the king was trying to obtain the annulment of his marriage with Catherine of Aragon on the grounds that the dispensing bull of Julius II allowing him to marry his brother’s widow had been obtained under false pretences.

The new Pope Clement VII, who at the time was hostage of Charles V, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, after the sack of Rome in May 1527, at first seemed in favour of granting the annulment, but he was a prisoner of the emperor, loyal to his aunt Catherine, and so he changed his mind

The โ€œCausa Anglicaโ€, the letter sent by the Peers of England to Clement VII to persuade him to acknowledge the nullity of Henryโ€™s marriage with Catherine of Aragon, according to what the subscribers believed to be right canonical reasons, was made public by the Vatican Secret Archives only a few years ago, after being housed there for almost five hundred years.
It is a large parchment document written in a nice cursive style sent to the pontiff on 13 July 1530, to persuade him to acknowledge the nullity of the marriage, according to what the subscribers believed to be right canonical reasons.
It bore the signature of the underwriters and all their seals.
The signatories were eighty-three and each of them added their own seal!

Il 25 gennaio 1533, Enrico VIII d’Inghilterra sposรฒ segretamente Anna Bolena

Questo era probabilmente il loro secondo matrimonio segreto, nel periodo in cui Anne stava iniziando a sospettare di essere incinta. Il precedente era avvenuto poco prima, dopo che la coppia era tornata da Calais era andata a sollecitare l’appoggio del re di Francia, Francesco I, alla loro unione.

Il loro matrimonio fu reso pubblico qualche tempo dopo, a Pasqua, e in seguito Anna venne incoronata regina consorte il 1 giugno 1533 in una cerimonia all’Abbazia di Westminster.

I due si erano conosciuti durante le feste di carnevale del 1526 e il re si era innamorato di lei e aveva iniziato a corteggiarla. La donna perรฒ aveva tatticamente resistito ai tentativi di Enrico di sedurla, rifiutando di diventare la sua amante.
Le lettere d’amore che scrisse ad Anne fanno intendere addirittura che la loro storia d’amore non sia stata consumata per gran parte dei sette anni di corteggiamento.
Nel frattempo Enrico stava cercando di ottenere l’annullamento del suo matrimonio con Caterina dโ€™Aragona sostenendo che la bolla di Giulio II che gli permetteva di sposare la vedova di suo fratello, era stata ottenuta con dichiarazioni false.

Il nuovo Papa Clemente VII che era ostaggio di Carlo V, imperatore del Sacro Romano Impero, in seguito al sacco di Roma del maggio 1527, in un primo momento sembrรฒ favorevole alla concessione dell’annullamento, ma la prigionia presso lโ€™imperatore, fedele a sua zia Caterina, lo vide cambiare parere.

La โ€œCausa Anglicaโ€ , la lettera inviata dai Pari d’Inghilterra a Clemente VII per chiedere l’annullamento del matrimonio tra Enrico VIII e Caterina d’Aragona, รจ stata resa pubblica dall’Archivio Segreto Vaticano solo pochi anni fa, dopo essere stata custodito negli archivi pontifici per quasi cinquecento anni.
Eโ€™ una grande pergamena inviata al pontefice il 13 luglio 1530, per persuaderlo a riconoscere la nullitร  del matrimonio, secondo quelle che venivano ritenute giuste motivazioni canoniche.
Recava la firma dei sottoscrittori e tutti i loro sigilli.
I firmatari erano ben ottantatrรฉ ed ognuno di loro appose il proprio sigillo!

Image: Scrinium – Details of Causa Anglica (Exemplaria Praetiosa)

75 thoughts on “25 January 1533 ๐Ÿ’’

  1. Ciao! Ho molto apprezzato questo tuo scritto. Mi ha fra l’altro riportato alla mente un breve brano musicale, forse ispirato dalle vicissitudini di Maria Bolena, sorella di Anna: troverai detto brano, e le poche informazioni che si hanno in merito, in un articolo che ho appena pubblicato nel mio blog ๐Ÿ˜‰
    A proposito: sai che Enrico VIII, figlio cadetto e di conseguenza avviato agli studi in vista di una probabile carriera ecclesiastica, era un buon musicista nonchรฉ autore di alcune interessanti composizioni musicali?

    Liked by 4 people

      1. Per la veritร , l’attribuzione di Greensleeves a Enrico VIII รจ del tutto infondata. Le prime notizie certe a proposito di quella canzone risalgono a decenni dopo la morte del… regale ippopotamo ๐Ÿ™‚
        Ne parlerรฒ prima o poi nel blog.

        Liked by 1 person

      2. Ciao! Se e quando puoi e vuoi, fammi ti prego un piccolo favore: riprova a cliccare sul mio nome qui sopra e poi fammi sapere se sei stata indirizzata correttamente al mio blog. Grazie e scusa per l’incomodo.

        Liked by 1 person

    1. They say it is 2 meters high and 1 wide.
      Thank you so much for your birthday wishes

      PS I’m in the middle of the long task of replying to the friends who have wished me happy birthday on Facebook,
      By the way, if you are on that platform, how can I find you ?

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Good old Henry VIII. If you don’t get your way, just change the rules….or the church…or go straight to the ’til death do us part section. He was King after all. Thanks for sharing Luisa. Allan

    Liked by 1 person

  3. The consequences of the Popeโ€™s refusal to allow Henry to divorce Catherine wasnโ€™t unlike Brexit was it really? I never realised that the Causa Anglica was left in the Vaticanโ€™s vaults for so long. A nice bit of detective work there Luisa.

    So you were born on the same day as Anne Boleyn secretly married Henry VIII! โ€“ Well, not exactly the same day ๐Ÿ˜Š โ€“ but Happy Birthday all the same. Have a wonderful day ๐ŸŽ‚ ๐ŸŽˆโœจโค๏ธ

    Liked by 3 people

  4. A fascinating article as always Luisa! I’m impressed with the tiny details you manage to unearth in your posts. I don’t know if you’ve read the UK author, Hilary Mantel’s “Wolf Hall” book trilogy but it sounds like you’d love them if you’re interested in Henry VIII and his women. Plus many happy returns for your birthday today too! Hope you’re having a wonderful day. Love and light, Deborah.

    Liked by 2 people

    1. I haven’t read that book and I thank you for telling me about it. As you see, it is a historical period that fascinates me a lot.
      I’m sending you my heartfelt thanks for the birthday wishes, as well
      You are always very kind, dear Deborah๐Ÿ™๐Ÿ’–๐Ÿ™

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Molto affascinante questa relazione, bello anche il videoโฃโฃโฃ Tantissimi auguri di Buon Compleanno alla carissima amica e donna speciale che sei โค๐Ÿฅ€๐Ÿ˜˜

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Grazie infinite, Giusy cara
      Sai cosa diceva Robert Louis Stevenson sull’avanzare dell’etร ?
      “Avanziamo attraverso gli anni un poโ€™ come un esercito invasore in un territorio abbandonato; lโ€™etร  che abbiamo raggiunto, come si suol dire, la occupiamo solo con un avamposto, e teniamo aperte le comunicazioni con lโ€™estrema retroguardia e con lโ€™inizio della colonna.”

      Liked by 1 person

  6. Happy Birthday Luisa, many happy returns dear lady! ๐ŸŽ‰๐ŸŽ‰๐ŸŽ‰๐ŸŽ๐ŸŽ‚๐ŸŽ‰๐ŸŽ‰๐ŸŽ‰
    Can you imagine having to have 83 signatures these days to nullify a marriage? oh my word! And that parchment must be exceptionally heavy with all those seals! I suppose the amount of problems Henry experienced gaining a divorce from Catherine, would lend one to believe he then thought it easier to behead the second wife rather than go through the tiresome process again…
    I wonder what other historical treasures are secreted away in the vatican vaults that haven’t seen the light of day in 500 years?
    A very interesting post as usual ๐Ÿ˜€

    Liked by 3 people

    1. You’re right, Harry later found it easier to have his wives beheaded than to ask for an annulment or a divorce!
      Thanks a lot for your constant support… and for your kind birthday wishes ๐Ÿ’™๐Ÿ˜˜๐Ÿ’™๐Ÿ˜˜๐Ÿ’™

      Liked by 2 people

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